Home > TIMSS


      What is TIMSS?

      TIMSS (Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study) is designed to measure trends in students’ mathematics and science achievement in four-year cycles.

      Who conducts these studies?

      These studies are conducted by the International Association for Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA). IEA is an independent, international cooperative of national research institutions and governmental research agencies. They are based in Boston, Mass.

      How many TIMSS have been conducted so far?

      Conducted on a four-year cycle, the first round of TIMSS was in 1995, the second in 1999, the third in 2003, the fourth in 2007, and the fifth in 2011.

      General Information on TIMSS:

      TIMSS 2011

      TIMSS 2007

      TIMSS 2003

      TIMSS 1999

      TIMSS 1995

      TIMSS reports on student achievement:






      Complete TIMSS reports (very long pdf files):






      What does TIMSS have to do with Singapore Math Inc.®?

      Singapore's 4th and 8th grade students scored top place for Mathematics in 1995, 1999 and 2003.

      Singapore students who took TIMSS in 1995, 1999 and 2003 were using the Primary Mathematics series, New Elementary Mathematics and New Syllabus Mathematics (5th Edition). Singapore Math Inc.® is the official distributor of Primary Mathematics and New Elementary Mathematics to U.S. and Canadian markets.

      What are the key findings of TIMSS pertaining to Singapore's outstanding performance in mathematics?

      Please see the following press releases by the Ministry of Education, Singapore:

      http://www.moe.gov.sg/press/2004/pr20041214.htm (for TIMSS 2003)

      http://www.moe.gov.sg/press/2000/pr06122000.htm (for TIMSS 1999)

      http://www.moe.gov.sg/press/1997/st00297.htm (for TIMSS 1995)

      Detailed information about TIMSS can be found at the TIMSS web site and the IEA web site.

      AIR Study

      What is AIR?

      The American Institutes for Research (AIR) is one of the largest behavioral and social science research organizations in the world.

      What is the purpose of this study?

      Funded by the U.S. Department of Education, the study What the United States Can Learn From Singapore’s World-Class Mathematics System (and what Singapore can learn from the United States) identified major differences between the mathematics frameworks, textbooks, assessments, and teacher preparation in the U.S. and Singapore.

      What else does the study include?

      The study also includes initial results from four pilot programs that used the Singapore Math ® curriculum in place of their previous curriculum. The pilot programs involved students in Baltimore, Md., Montgomery County, Md., North Middlesex, Mass., and Paterson, N.J.

      What Singapore Math® books did these pilot programs use?

      All four pilot programs used the Primary Mathematics series.

      Where can I find the full AIR report?

      Please visit the AIR web site for the summarized report.